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Afghan war: Trump hails address Taliban to total 18-year war

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Afghan war: Trump hails address Taliban to total 18-year war

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionTrump: “It’s been a hard journey for everybody”President Trump says it is “time to bring our people back home” after the US signed a deal with the Taliban aimed at bringing peace to Afghanistan.Mr Trump said 5,000 US troops would leave Afghanistan by May and he would…

Afghan war: Trump hails address Taliban to total 18-year war

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Media captionTrump: “It has been a laborious race for each person”

President Trump says it’s miles “time to bring our folk encourage dwelling” after the US signed a address the Taliban geared against bringing peace to Afghanistan.

Mr Trump said 5,000 US troops would lope away Afghanistan by May and he would meet Taliban leaders within the shut to future, without specifying where.

The US and Nato allies like agreed to withdraw all troops within 14 months if the militants uphold the historical deal.

Talks between the Afghan authorities and the Taliban are due to the follow.

Under the settlement, the militants furthermore agreed no longer to permit al-Qaeda or any diversified extremist community to operate within the areas they care for a watch on.

The US invaded Afghanistan weeks after the September 2001 attacks in Unique York by al-Qaeda, then based entirely in Afghanistan. The Taliban like been ousted from energy nevertheless became an insurgent power that by 2018 became energetic in better than two-thirds of the country.

Extra than 2,400 US troops like been killed all the scheme via the war. About 12,000 are peaceable stationed within the country.

What else did Trump relate regarding the deal?

Talking on the White Residence, Mr Trump congratulated Secretary of Sigh Mike Pompeo, Protection Secretary Impress Esper and “the folk of the United States for having spent so worthy by map of blood, by map of worship, and treasury.”

He said the Taliban had been making an try to set an settlement with the US for a really very long time, and that he had faith within the deal because “each person is drained of war.”

The president added that US troops had been killing terrorists in Afghanistan “by the hundreds” and now it became “time for somebody else to procure that work and it might well maybe maybe be the Taliban and it might well maybe maybe likely be surrounding countries”.

“I in actuality insist the Taliban needs to procure something to expose we’re no longer all losing time,” he added. “If tainted issues happen, we’ll return with a power worship no-one’s ever considered.”

What came about in Doha?

The deal became signed by US particular envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political chief Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar with Mr Pompeo as a idea.

In a speech, Mr Pompeo entreated the militant community to “care for your guarantees to sever ties with al-Qaeda”.

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Media captionThe US and the Taliban ticket the signing of their settlement in Doha.

Mr Baradar said he hoped Afghanistan might well well maybe maybe now emerge from four decades of war.

“I’m hoping that with the withdrawal of all distant places forces from Afghanistan the Afghan nation below an Islamic regime will buy its relief and embark on a brand unique prosperous life,” he said.

Afghanistan’s authorities did no longer buy part within the US-Taliban talks, nevertheless said it became ready to negotiate with the Taliban.

What’s within the settlement?

As successfully as to withdrawing US and allied troops, the deal furthermore offers for a prisoner swap.

Some 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 Afghan security power prisoners might well well maybe maybe be exchanged by 10 March, when talks between the Taliban and the Afghan authorities are due to the open.

The US will furthermore raise sanctions against the Taliban and work with the UN to raise its separate sanctions against the community.

In Kabul, activist Zahra Husseini said she feared the deal might well well maybe maybe irritate the matter for girls folk in Afghanistan.

“I procure no longer belief the Taliban, and be mindful how they suppressed girls folk after they like been ruling,” the 28-year-historical suggested AFP.

“These days is a downhearted day, and as I became looking on the deal being signed, I had this tainted feeling that it would consequence in their return to energy in desire to in peace.”

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Media captionZan TV presenter Ogai Wardak: “If the Taliban come, I will fight them”

A cautious peace for Afghanistan

By Secunder Kermani, BBC Files, Kabul

US, Afghan and Taliban officials like all been careful to care for away from calling this day’s settlement in Doha “a peace deal.” Nevertheless in Afghanistan, a sense of cautious optimism has been rising.

The Afghan war has been a bloody stalemate for years now, with the Taliban more and more controlling or contesting more territory, but unable to blueprint shut and care for most predominant metropolis centres.

With this has come a rising realisation – by both the Taliban and the US – that neither aspect is able to an outright militia victory.

This deal now opens the door to huge-ranging talks between the militants and Afghan political leaders.

Nevertheless these discussions will most definitely be rather more spirited – by some means there’ll must be a reconciliation between the Taliban’s vision of an “Islamic Emirate” and the democratic stylish Afghanistan that has been created since 2001.

The priority for loads of traditional Afghans, as a minimum within the short duration of time, is a substantive discount in violence. We will glean out within the approaching weeks, when the hotter spring climate normally heralds the open of “struggling with season”, if that can happen.

What reaction has there been?

  • UN Secretary-Classic Antonio Guterres wired “the importance of sustaining the nationwide discount in violence, for the lend a hand of all Afghans”
  • Nato Secretary-Classic Jens Stoltenberg: “We went in collectively in 2001, we are going to modify [troop levels] collectively and when the time is real, we are going to bolt away collectively, nevertheless we are handiest going to bolt away when stipulations are real”
  • UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace: “I welcome this miniature nevertheless crucial step against the likelihood for Afghans to live in peace, free from terrorism… We remain fully dedicated to constructing an Afghanistan which will most definitely be a sturdy accomplice for many years to come encourage”
  • Donald Trump’s historical Nationwide Safety Adviser, John Bolton, has criticised the deal, and said it endangered American lives by “legitimising” the Taliban

How did US-Taliban talks come about?

Since 2011, Qatar has hosted Taliban leaders who like moved there to talk about peace in Afghanistan. It has been a chequered process. A Taliban office became opened in 2013, and closed the identical year amid rows over flags. Assorted attempts at talks stalled.

In December 2018, the militants introduced they would meet US officials to strive to glean a “roadmap to peace”. Nevertheless the laborious-line Islamist community persevered to refuse to care for decent talks with the Afghan authorities, whom they pushed apart as American “puppets”.

Following nine rounds of US-Taliban talks in Qatar, the 2 aspects regarded shut to an settlement.

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Media captionThe specialize in from Lashkar Gah province on whether peace with the Taliban is seemingly

Washington’s top negotiator introduced closing September that the US would withdraw 5,400 troops from Afghanistan within 20 weeks as part of a deal agreed “in idea” with Taliban militants.

Days later, Mr Trump said the talks like been “tiring”, after the community killed a US soldier. Nevertheless within weeks the 2 aspects resumed discussions within the encourage of the scenes.

A week ago the Taliban agreed to a “discount of violence” – though Afghan officials relate as a minimum 22 troopers and 14 civilians like been killed in Taliban attacks over that duration.

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Media captionTens of hundreds of Afghan troopers like been killed and injured. Here is their chronicle

Nearly 3,500 members of the enviornment coalition forces like died in Afghanistan for the reason that 2001 invasion.

The figures for Afghan civilians, militants and authorities forces are more spirited to quantify. In a February 2019 memoir, the UN said that better than 32,000 civilians had died. The Watson Institute at Brown University says 58,000 security personnel and 42,000 opposition warring parties like been killed.

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